How to Use Quotations

Using quotes or excerpts means borrowing the exact words, phrases, and sentences from the original, setting them off with quotation marks and putting or informing the source of the quotation.
Here is a part of Adam Goldberg’s article “Healthy or Not, We All Love to Sleep,” from the Time Magazine, volume 220, issue 8 on February 3 ,2003.
Men are fond of sleeping regardless of the time and day. People often wonder if it is a healthy habit or not but it seems that it is something that we just cannot do without.
Below would be an example of a plagiarized work:

Example 1:
Men are fond of sleeping regardless of the time and day. People often wonder if it is a healthy habit or not but it seems that it is something that we just cannot do without.

Explanation why this example is considered plagiarized work:
In this example, the author deliberately used the original writer’s words without even acknowledging him. Even if you would acknowledge through the bibliography, this is insufficient as you need to make sure you indicate the specific book and page number. Here, the author, Goldberg, becomes a victim of plagiarism.

Now we look on to what are “acceptable.”

Example 2:
From Adam Goldberg (2003) book, “Men are fond of sleeping regardless of the time and day” (p. 11).

Explanation why this example is OK:
The APA style used to show that the original writer was acknowledged, by mentioning “From Adam Goldberg (2003) book” as well as indicating the number 11, which is the page number from where it was derived.

Example 3:
“Men are fond of sleeping regardless of the time and day” (Goldberg, 11).

Explanation why this example is OK:
Using MLA or Modern Language Association style, you will basically indicate the original author and the page number at the end of the quote.

You will see that in every example, Goldberg’s words were quoted by the writer exactly like it was really the same sentence from the book. When you want to quote or use someone else’s work, you have to write them exactly as they appear in the book and you should quote and acknowledge the source.