Classification of Plagiarism
Plagiarism, the use of the work of others and misrepresenting those works as your own, is one of the most common forms of dishonesty nowadays. What further heightens plagiarism is the accessibility of information online, as well as electronic books and libraries. Just like other things, accessibility of information has its own drawbacks.
The growth and success of the people are threatened by the increase rate of plagiarism that is why steps to prevent them need to be taken.
Reasons Why People Plagiarize
People plagiarize because they want to get things done quickly. They choose the convenience and having more free time over the significance of work. Others do not have the environment that has controls over plagiarism. The peoples lack of knowledge about the different types of plagiarism is also one of the reasons why plagiarism is common. For example, in a research paper of a person, he includes other personТs analysis in his own conclusions.
Even if he has no intention of claiming the analysis as his own, without proper referencing, he can be legally responsible for the copyrights. It is not only the copying of words that the plagiarism includes. Plagiarism also includes the taking of others concepts, expressions, and other works.
There are 3 types of plagiarism according to intensity.
They are the Substantial Plagiarism, Minimal Plagiarism, and Complete Plagiarism.
- Substantial Plagiarism is the most common in the academic institutions. Here, the plagiarist reworks the original, and replaces the words with their synonyms.
- In Minimal Plagiarism, some information are added in the text, and the patterns of the text are altered.
- In Complete Plagiarism, there are no changes in the information taken from other sources, and the information is presented as the writers work.
There are also other types of plagiarism that should be remembered. There are works wherein the sources are not mentioned (Ghost Writer, Self-Stealer, Potluck Paper, Photocopy, Poor Disguise, and Labor of Laziness), and there are also works in which sources are cited but are still plagiarized (Resourceful Writer, Too-Perfect Paraphrase, Misinformer, Perfect Crime, and the Forgotten Footnote).
- Sources Not Cited:
In Ghost Writer, everything is copied from others work.
In Self-Stealer, past works are incorporated in the new one.
In Potluck Paper, there are different sources used, and the sentences are changed to fit together while the original words are kept.
In Photocopy, certain important parts of the otherТs works are copied from one source without alterations.
In Poor Disguise, the look is changed by changing the keywords and replacing the words by its synonyms.
In the Labor of Laziness, the writer rephrased the sentences from different works and fit them together.
- Sources Are Cited:
Resourceful Writer is the type in which the writer cites all the sources, but everything is taken from other sources and are just paraphrased, nothing is original.
Too-Perfect Paraphrase is a type of plagiarism in which the copied text are not put in quotations.
In Misinformer, the location of the source is stated incorrectly.
In the Perfect Crime, some information are given sources, and those that are not given sources are paraphrased and passed off as the writers work.
Lastly, the Forgotten Footnote is the type of plagiarism wherein the author is stated as the source, but the writer disregarded the locations of the source in attempt to hide the plagiarism.