Ways to Avoid Plagiarism
Rewording and summing up are very synonymous. It engages in obtaining thought, words and phrases from someone else and making it into new sentences within your writing. Rewording is getting the idea and changing the words used, and summing up is obtaining the idea and making it into a shorter version. Either rewording or summing up, acknowledgement is always given to the original writer.
Here is a part of John Anderson’s “How We Misjudge Other People.” Psychological News 122.6 (1992): p747.
When we talk with others well, we should know what we can and cannot do during the process. A person should not think of others as if one really knows the other inside-out. On the other hand, one should also not think he knows completely nothing of the other. This could result in misunderstanding and embarrassment. As a popular line says, “you should not assume.”
A line that could be categorized as plagiarism is:
In communicating with other people, we should know what we can and cannot do during the process. A person should not think of others as if one really knows the other inside-out. On the other hand, one should also not think he knows completely nothing of the other. This could result in a lot of embarrassment. (Anderson, 1992).
A lot of the words of the writer, Anderson, has been used and this amounts to plagiarism.
Here is a better example:
Anderson (1992) suggests that to effectively converse and avoid embarrassment and misunderstanding, you should not assume too much about the other person (p. 747).
In this write up the writer re-words Anderson’s words and still maintain the gist of the passage. Moreover, he cites where specifically he got the words from.
Another acceptable passage:
Anderson (1992) states that when you converse with another person, you should be wary not to assume as it could result in confusion and misunderstanding (p. 747).
In the better examples, the writer rewords Anderson’s ideas about what and what not to do when in a conversation. Summing up is not easy. If you are in doubt that your summing up may end up as plagiarism, you can ask you instructor to check it for you.